Artificial Intelligence Overview - Hoshino Shiro

Artificial Intelligence Overview


Artificial intelligence overview Electronic products, such as computers and smartphones, are evolving quickly without people even noticing it. Manufacturers of electronic devices always coming up with new ideas to compete for customers.

Artificial intelligence is one technology that continues to be a point of competitiveness between manufacturers.

Electronic device makers are currently working to build artificial intelligence so that their goods can compete. Then what exactly is artificial intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence Overview

Artificial Intelligence Overview

Artificial intelligence explained

Artificial intelligence is another name for the phenomenon (AI). Artificial intelligence is a field of technology that uses the capabilities of electronic equipment to mimic human behavior. Today, this artificial intelligence is still being developed to assist with human operations.

Experts’ Understanding of Intelligence

Michael Haenlein and Andreas Kaplan

According to the two specialists, artificial intelligence is the capacity of a machine to understand outside data. Artificial intelligence is designed to carry out certain tasks using adaptable technologies.

Patrick McCarthy

According to John McCarthy, artificial intelligence is a field of study that applies technology to create machines that mimic human behavior and mental processes.

Simon, HA

According to Simon, artificial intelligence is the use of computer programming to instruct computers to carry out tasks that humans would deem intelligent.


According to Kristianto, artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that is used to program computer systems to exhibit intelligent behavior.


Artificial intelligence is intelligence generated by a man-made item. Artificial intelligence in this context refers to intelligence incorporated into a computer program to enable it to mimic human behavior.


According to Kusumawardani, artificial intelligence is the study of enabling computers to carry out tasks in a manner similar to that of humans so that eventually they can take their place.

Artificial Intelligence’s Development and History

The term “artificial intelligence” has been around for a while, despite appearing to be a recent invention.

In the 1940s, computers and artificial intelligence started to receive attention. Computers were thought to be capable of performing tasks like humans at the time.

Several professionals have started their research to learn more about artificial intelligence. Since 1950, when Norbert Wiener, a scientist, set out to describe the feedback theory. Then, in 1956, John McCarthy carried out research on neural networks, intelligence learning, and automata.

As a result, John McCarthy, Claude Shannon, and Nathaniel Rochester discovered a program they called Principia Mathematica that could answer problems using non-numeric thinking. John McCarthy earned the title of “father of artificial intelligence” thanks to his findings.

Since then, AI development has accelerated. In the 1960s, the US Department of Defense started investigating the possibility of using AI for a variety of purposes. At that time, they started teaching computers how the fundamentals of the human mind work.

But because of some issues, artificial intelligence slowed significantly in 1966. The development of artificial intelligence started to encounter roadblocks.

Even though it appeared improbable, artificial intelligence started to rise once more and eventually developed into an industry in the 1980s. A system known as R1 was discovered at that time. Digital Equipment Corporation eventually took over operation of the R1 in 1982.

The R1 successfully saved 40 million US dollars annually over four years of operation. As a result, artificial intelligence technology started to reappear in major corporations and grow.

Back-Propagation Learning, an algorithm that is currently used in computer science and psychology, was finally discovered in 1985.

One may also argue that the advancement of computers and artificial intelligence are interrelated. From the first generation of computers to the fifth generation that are in use today, computer technology has continued to advance to accommodate artificial intelligence. The ULSI microprocessor, which is artificial intelligence, is a feature of the fifth generation of computers.

Meanwhile. DARPA was successful in creating artificial intelligence in the form of a virtual assistant in 2003. The personal assistant has a similar appearance to modern Siri, Google Voice, and Alexa devices.

4 . Machine intelligence

At least four types of artificial intelligence can now be performed via technological devices. Among these intelligences are:

1.Being humane

This type is essentially artificial intelligence that can perform tasks that would typically be handled by people.

2.Reasoning ethically

A technological equipment has a human-like thought process if it is said to be “thinking humanly.” They can then engage in human activities thanks to this method of thinking.

3.Reflect logically

Another way to think humanely is to think logically. Therefore, the system was created to have the ability to reason critically like humans.

4. Act logically

The next stage of rational thinking is the ability to act rationally, which is a system development that allows someone to not only think rationally but also to act reasonably, such as determining whether or not something is true.

Benefits of Artificial Intelligence for Humanity

Artificial intelligence is evolving with the times and is gradually enhancing human existence. The existence of artificial intelligence has advantages that may be felt, including:

Reducing errors

Artificial intelligence can lessen human error due to its existence. As an illustration, consider the technology found in computers’ or mobile phones’ keyboard systems. The ability to edit our written errors is one of the technologies that the keyboard possesses.

Worker Performance

It can be both a strength and a weakness in this situation. Because businesses may use fewer staff thanks to artificial intelligence. To put it another way, artificial intelligence produces occupations that ought to be performed by people but will eventually be done by machines.

Making the Most of the Health Sector

Artificial intelligence will also have a significant positive impact on the healthcare industry. The reason is that the realm of health is currently supported by many artificial intelligence technologies. Assistive gadgets and instruments for disease detection are two examples.

Artificial Intelligence’s Negative Effects

Artificial intelligence can be detrimental to human life even if it typically benefits us. They include:

less employment opportunities

As previously mentioned, artificial intelligence performed by computers has the potential to displace human labor and hence diminish employment. For instance, security personnel at parking lots, toll booths, and banks.

Making others Sluggish

Artificial intelligence has the potential to encourage laziness. Because artificial intelligence can perform all tasks that should be performed alone. Consider totally automatic electrical equipment, for instance.

Artificial intelligence examples

Using a virtual assistant

Current virtual assistant technologies include Siri, Cortana, Alexa, and Google Assistant. The four main sorts of virtual assistants are produced by various businesses, but they all essentially do the same job—help people by carrying out a variety of tasks.

The virtual assistant can be instructed by humans just by speaking, and it will carry out our requests.

utilizing Face ID

Face ID is a form of artificial intelligence that has emerged in computers and smartphones. Face ID unlocks or replaces the current password on the electronic device by recognizing the user’s face, which has been memorized by the system.

Engine of Search

Google is one of the most popular search engines. We will receive page recommendations from Google based on our preferences.

Features of Chatbot

You can find this chatbot feature in some programs. In most cases, this chatbot is utilized in place of customer service. As a result, the chatbot will assist in answering our questions.

An explanation of artificial intelligence is provided here. Sampoerna University offers a Computer Science Study Program to study it. The Engineering & Technology faculty is responsible for this study program. This course of study focuses on a variety of computing technologies, including microprocessors, embedded computing systems, laptops, desktop computers, and supercomputers.

Graduates of this program will be capable of adjusting to new computer concepts and technologies in the future. Graduates also design and create all kind of software, from application technology to system infrastructure. Artificial Intelligence Overview

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